An Analysis and Evaluation of Planetarium Programming as it Relates to the Science Education of Adults in the Community

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/11290/607908
Title:
An Analysis and Evaluation of Planetarium Programming as it Relates to the Science Education of Adults in the Community
Authors:
Moore, Maurice Gene
Abstract:
This study was concerned with the discovery of differ­ ences that existed between adults in a community who attended planetarium programs and adults in a community whodid not. The measurement of these differences was confined toaspects of media participation, attitude differences, and vocabulary recognition. The study was designed so that the discovery and measurement of these differences would provide the plan­ etarium programmer, not only with a more adequate means of identifying the participating adult, but also with some method of measuring the effectiveness of current programming in a community where a major planetarium functions as an agent for dispersement of astronomical and related sciences. The total population for the study was randomly selected from a comprehensive list of adult education classes offered by the Mott Adult Education Program of the Flint Board of Ed­ ucation. A total of one hundred seven adults enrolled in eight classes responded to a twelve-item inventory sheet designed to reflect the data necessary for the study. This total pop­ ulation was then divided into two sub-groups, attending and non-attending adults, and a comparison of the two groups was made in accordance with the objectives of the study. The analysis of the data in each of the two sub-groups varied slightly due to omitted or illegible responses on the part of the respondent. The findings revealed that the two groups were quite dissimilar in their media habits. Adults who do not attend planetariums tend to read more books than do those who do attend but they do not read newspapers as often. Although adults who attend planetarium programs also attend more mov­ ies, theyspend significantly less time watching television. The findings also revealed that those adults who did not at­ tend planetarium programs spent more time per week listening to radio broadcasts than do those who do attend the programs. From the data collected from the inventory sheet it was possible to determine, that the attitude the adult holds con­ cerning space research expenditures, although influenced by factors such as age, is influenced even more, greater than the one per cent level of confidence, by his attendance at planetarium programs. The findings also indicated that multiple exposure of the adult to planetarium programs made a highly significant difference in the number of words recognized from a special­ ized glossary of space terms. When the multiple attending adult was compared to the single attending adult it was found that a level of confidence greater than 99.9 per cent existed in favor of the frequent attender of planetarium programs. This study represents an effort to identify and measure with care a segment of the adult community where a planetar­ ium functions as a popular interpreter of a specialized body of knowledge. It is hoped that additional studies will even­ tually produce a body of knowledge which will give the plane­ tarium educator a clearer picture of the people with whom he works. Only when this picture has been completed, through additional research, will the planetarium director be able to improve programming in order to meet the needs of the adult in contemporary society.
Affiliation:
Michigan State University
Issue Date:
1965
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/11290/607908
Submitted date:
2015-09-29
Document Source:
Dissertation/Thesis
Language:
English Paper
Type Of Resource:
Empirical Research
Empirical Methodology:
Quantitative
Learning Environment:
Formal
Research Setting:
Planetarium
Subjects:
Adult Learners
Construct:
Content Knowledge Affective Belief/Identity Motivation/Attitude
Content:
Vocabulary
Nation:
USA
Appears in Collections:
Astronomy Education Research

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorMoore, Maurice Geneen
dc.date.accessioned2016-05-04T08:57:38Zen
dc.date.available2016-05-04T08:57:38Zen
dc.date.issued1965en
dc.date.submitted2015-09-29en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11290/607908en
dc.description.abstractThis study was concerned with the discovery of differ­ ences that existed between adults in a community who attended planetarium programs and adults in a community whodid not. The measurement of these differences was confined toaspects of media participation, attitude differences, and vocabulary recognition. The study was designed so that the discovery and measurement of these differences would provide the plan­ etarium programmer, not only with a more adequate means of identifying the participating adult, but also with some method of measuring the effectiveness of current programming in a community where a major planetarium functions as an agent for dispersement of astronomical and related sciences. The total population for the study was randomly selected from a comprehensive list of adult education classes offered by the Mott Adult Education Program of the Flint Board of Ed­ ucation. A total of one hundred seven adults enrolled in eight classes responded to a twelve-item inventory sheet designed to reflect the data necessary for the study. This total pop­ ulation was then divided into two sub-groups, attending and non-attending adults, and a comparison of the two groups was made in accordance with the objectives of the study. The analysis of the data in each of the two sub-groups varied slightly due to omitted or illegible responses on the part of the respondent. The findings revealed that the two groups were quite dissimilar in their media habits. Adults who do not attend planetariums tend to read more books than do those who do attend but they do not read newspapers as often. Although adults who attend planetarium programs also attend more mov­ ies, theyspend significantly less time watching television. The findings also revealed that those adults who did not at­ tend planetarium programs spent more time per week listening to radio broadcasts than do those who do attend the programs. From the data collected from the inventory sheet it was possible to determine, that the attitude the adult holds con­ cerning space research expenditures, although influenced by factors such as age, is influenced even more, greater than the one per cent level of confidence, by his attendance at planetarium programs. The findings also indicated that multiple exposure of the adult to planetarium programs made a highly significant difference in the number of words recognized from a special­ ized glossary of space terms. When the multiple attending adult was compared to the single attending adult it was found that a level of confidence greater than 99.9 per cent existed in favor of the frequent attender of planetarium programs. This study represents an effort to identify and measure with care a segment of the adult community where a planetar­ ium functions as a popular interpreter of a specialized body of knowledge. It is hoped that additional studies will even­ tually produce a body of knowledge which will give the plane­ tarium educator a clearer picture of the people with whom he works. Only when this picture has been completed, through additional research, will the planetarium director be able to improve programming in order to meet the needs of the adult in contemporary society.en
dc.description.provenanceMade available in DSpace on 2016-05-04T08:57:38Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 8f9e7e04-a3b9-4754-ae16-1c6bac69005b.pdf: 6262342 bytes, checksum: 1a3f68220dd5b7745024ecb5688d58b1 (MD5) Previous issue date: 1965en
dc.language.isoEnglish Paperen
dc.titleAn Analysis and Evaluation of Planetarium Programming as it Relates to the Science Education of Adults in the Communityen
dc.typeDissertation/Thesisen
dc.contributor.departmentMichigan State Universityen
dc.type.resourceEmpirical Researchen
dc.istar.learningenvironmentFormalen
dc.istar.constructContent Knowledge Affective Belief/Identity Motivation/Attitudeen
dc.istar.contentVocabularyen
dc.istar.nationUSAen
dc.istar.empiricalmethodologyQuantitativeen
dc.istar.researchsettingPlanetariumen
dc.istar.subjectAdult Learnersen
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