DEVELOPMENT AND CALIBRATION OF A CONCEPT INVENTORY TO MEASURE INTRODUCTORY COLLEGE ASTRONOMY AND PHYSICS STUDENTS’ UNDERSTANDING OF NEWTONIAN GRAVITY

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/11290/608016
Title:
DEVELOPMENT AND CALIBRATION OF A CONCEPT INVENTORY TO MEASURE INTRODUCTORY COLLEGE ASTRONOMY AND PHYSICS STUDENTS’ UNDERSTANDING OF NEWTONIAN GRAVITY
Authors:
Williamson, Kathryn
Abstract:
The topic of Newtonian gravity offers a unique vantage point from which to investigate and encourage conceptual change because it is something with which everyone has daily experience, and because it is taught in two courses that reach a wide variety of students – introductory-level college astronomy (“Astro 101”) and physics (“Phys 101”). Informed by the constructivist theory of learning, this study characterizes and measures Astro 101 and Phys 101 students’ understanding of Newtonian gravity within four conceptual domains – Directionality, Force Law, Independence of Other Forces, and Threshold. A phenomenographic analysis of Astro 101 student-supplied responses to open-ended questions about gravity results in the characterization of students’ alternative mental models and misapplications of the scientific model. These student difficulties inform the development of a multiple-choice assessment instrument, the Newtonian Gravity Concept Inventory (NGCI). Classical Test Theory (CTT) statistics, student interviews, and expert review show that the NGCI is a reliable and valid tool for assessing both Astro 101 and Phys 101 students’ understanding of gravity. Furthermore, the NGCI can provide extensive and robust information about differences between Astro 101 and Phys 101 students and curricula. Comparing and contrasting the Astro 101 and Phys 101 CTT values and student response patterns shows qualitative differences in each of the four conceptual domains. Additionally, performing an Item Response Theory (IRT) analysis of NGCI student response data calibrates item parameters for all Astro 101 and Phys 101 courses and provides Newtonian gravity ability estimates for each student. Physics students show significantly higher pre- instruction and post-instruction IRT abilities than astronomy students, but they show approximately equal gains. To investigate the differential effect of Astro 101 compared to Phys 101 curricula on students’ overall post-instruction Newtonian gravity ability, linear regression models control for student characteristics and classroom dynamics. Results show that differences in post-instruction abilities are most influenced by students’ pre- instruction abilities and the level of interactivity in the classroom, rather than the astronomy curriculum compared to the physics curriculum. These analyses show that the NGCI has broad capabilities.
Affiliation:
Montana State University
Issue Date:
2013
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/11290/608016
Submitted date:
2015-09-24
Document Source:
Dissertation/Thesis
Language:
English Paper
Type Of Resource:
Empirical Research
Empirical Methodology:
Quantitative
Learning Environment:
Formal
Subjects:
College Students
Construct:
Content Knowledge
Content:
Gravity
Nation:
USA
Appears in Collections:
Astronomy Education Research

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorWilliamson, Kathrynen
dc.date.accessioned2016-05-04T09:00:08Zen
dc.date.available2016-05-04T09:00:08Zen
dc.date.issued2013en
dc.date.submitted2015-09-24en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11290/608016en
dc.description.abstractThe topic of Newtonian gravity offers a unique vantage point from which to investigate and encourage conceptual change because it is something with which everyone has daily experience, and because it is taught in two courses that reach a wide variety of students – introductory-level college astronomy (“Astro 101”) and physics (“Phys 101”). Informed by the constructivist theory of learning, this study characterizes and measures Astro 101 and Phys 101 students’ understanding of Newtonian gravity within four conceptual domains – Directionality, Force Law, Independence of Other Forces, and Threshold. A phenomenographic analysis of Astro 101 student-supplied responses to open-ended questions about gravity results in the characterization of students’ alternative mental models and misapplications of the scientific model. These student difficulties inform the development of a multiple-choice assessment instrument, the Newtonian Gravity Concept Inventory (NGCI). Classical Test Theory (CTT) statistics, student interviews, and expert review show that the NGCI is a reliable and valid tool for assessing both Astro 101 and Phys 101 students’ understanding of gravity. Furthermore, the NGCI can provide extensive and robust information about differences between Astro 101 and Phys 101 students and curricula. Comparing and contrasting the Astro 101 and Phys 101 CTT values and student response patterns shows qualitative differences in each of the four conceptual domains. Additionally, performing an Item Response Theory (IRT) analysis of NGCI student response data calibrates item parameters for all Astro 101 and Phys 101 courses and provides Newtonian gravity ability estimates for each student. Physics students show significantly higher pre- instruction and post-instruction IRT abilities than astronomy students, but they show approximately equal gains. To investigate the differential effect of Astro 101 compared to Phys 101 curricula on students’ overall post-instruction Newtonian gravity ability, linear regression models control for student characteristics and classroom dynamics. Results show that differences in post-instruction abilities are most influenced by students’ pre- instruction abilities and the level of interactivity in the classroom, rather than the astronomy curriculum compared to the physics curriculum. These analyses show that the NGCI has broad capabilities.en
dc.description.provenanceMade available in DSpace on 2016-05-04T09:00:08Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 082fded5-3586-4018-afcc-75f10a518feb.pdf: 7180531 bytes, checksum: b67a4de547bb1ba72004eb1aa92a4c96 (MD5) Previous issue date: 2013en
dc.language.isoEnglish Paperen
dc.titleDEVELOPMENT AND CALIBRATION OF A CONCEPT INVENTORY TO MEASURE INTRODUCTORY COLLEGE ASTRONOMY AND PHYSICS STUDENTS’ UNDERSTANDING OF NEWTONIAN GRAVITYen
dc.typeDissertation/Thesisen
dc.contributor.departmentMontana State Universityen
dc.type.resourceEmpirical Researchen
dc.istar.learningenvironmentFormalen
dc.istar.constructContent Knowledgeen
dc.istar.contentGravityen
dc.istar.nationUSAen
dc.istar.empiricalmethodologyQuantitativeen
dc.istar.subjectCollege Studentsen
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