A COMPARISON OF THE EFFECTIVENESS OF TWO INSTRUCTIONAL TECHNIQUES IN A PLANETARIUM SETTING

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/11290/608079
Title:
A COMPARISON OF THE EFFECTIVENESS OF TWO INSTRUCTIONAL TECHNIQUES IN A PLANETARIUM SETTING
Authors:
Schmoll, Shannon Elizabeth
Abstract:
Field trips are a ubiquitous part of modern school programs and can offer exciting, engaging, and authentic experience for students to learn science. There has been extensive research on how to best integrate field trips with classroom instruction so they can reach their full potential. Planetaria are often ignored in this literature, which is unfortunate as they are more didactic and structured environments than other informal spaces such as museums, but can still offer positive affect and learning gains to students outside of the classroom. The goal of this dissertation is to explore the unique aspects of learning in planetaria as informal settings. This is done by testing a curriculum on apparent celestial motion that integrates the planetarium and classroom environments based on the School-Museum Integrated Learning Experiences in Science (SMILES) (Griffin, 1998) framework for integrating classroom and museum learning. Data in the form of interviews, class work, audio-visual recordings, and surveys were analyzed using qualitative and quantitative methods to find examples of the 6 strands of informal learning (National Research Council, 2012) and suggest revisions to the SMILES framework for use with planetaria. The results showed examples of all 6 strands of informal learning, suggesting the SMILES framework was appropriate for planetarium field trips. However, weaknesses in students’ descriptions of apparent celestial motion, reasoning skills, social interactions, and language use suggested revisions to the SMILES framework for use with planetaria. These revisions included addressing choice and control normally seen in museum settings in the classroom, preparing students for language in addition to concepts seen while on a field trip by providing teachers with a script or list of vocabulary to be addressed in context, have students collect data from the show and explicitly use it with scientific practices the classroom afterward to support multiple exposures to ideas and help them avoid using authority of facts gathered at the planetarium as a sole means of justifying answers, model specifically those scientific practices in the classroom, and address a single overarching topic in planetarium show or delineate changes between topics to avoid confusing students.
Affiliation:
University of Michigan Ann Arbor
Issue Date:
2013
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/11290/608079
Submitted date:
2016-02-25
Document Source:
Dissertation/Thesis
Language:
English Paper
Type Of Resource:
Empirical Research
Empirical Methodology:
Quantitative
Learning Environment:
Formal
Research Setting:
Planetarium
Subjects:
Elementary Students
Construct:
Content Knowledge Affective Belief/Identity Motivation/Attitude
Content:
Celestial Motion
Nation:
USA
Appears in Collections:
Astronomy Education Research

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorSchmoll, Shannon Elizabethen
dc.date.accessioned2016-05-04T09:01:32Zen
dc.date.available2016-05-04T09:01:32Zen
dc.date.issued2013en
dc.date.submitted2016-02-25en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11290/608079en
dc.description.abstractField trips are a ubiquitous part of modern school programs and can offer exciting, engaging, and authentic experience for students to learn science. There has been extensive research on how to best integrate field trips with classroom instruction so they can reach their full potential. Planetaria are often ignored in this literature, which is unfortunate as they are more didactic and structured environments than other informal spaces such as museums, but can still offer positive affect and learning gains to students outside of the classroom. The goal of this dissertation is to explore the unique aspects of learning in planetaria as informal settings. This is done by testing a curriculum on apparent celestial motion that integrates the planetarium and classroom environments based on the School-Museum Integrated Learning Experiences in Science (SMILES) (Griffin, 1998) framework for integrating classroom and museum learning. Data in the form of interviews, class work, audio-visual recordings, and surveys were analyzed using qualitative and quantitative methods to find examples of the 6 strands of informal learning (National Research Council, 2012) and suggest revisions to the SMILES framework for use with planetaria. The results showed examples of all 6 strands of informal learning, suggesting the SMILES framework was appropriate for planetarium field trips. However, weaknesses in students’ descriptions of apparent celestial motion, reasoning skills, social interactions, and language use suggested revisions to the SMILES framework for use with planetaria. These revisions included addressing choice and control normally seen in museum settings in the classroom, preparing students for language in addition to concepts seen while on a field trip by providing teachers with a script or list of vocabulary to be addressed in context, have students collect data from the show and explicitly use it with scientific practices the classroom afterward to support multiple exposures to ideas and help them avoid using authority of facts gathered at the planetarium as a sole means of justifying answers, model specifically those scientific practices in the classroom, and address a single overarching topic in planetarium show or delineate changes between topics to avoid confusing students.en
dc.description.provenanceMade available in DSpace on 2016-05-04T09:01:32Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 5247d1b5-bbe8-4b1b-a318-ca6784728c0d.pdf: 5257608 bytes, checksum: 0efebb52d820650ec812e1dbe8c1bd30 (MD5) Previous issue date: 2013en
dc.language.isoEnglish Paperen
dc.titleA COMPARISON OF THE EFFECTIVENESS OF TWO INSTRUCTIONAL TECHNIQUES IN A PLANETARIUM SETTINGen
dc.typeDissertation/Thesisen
dc.contributor.departmentUniversity of Michigan Ann Arboren
dc.type.resourceEmpirical Researchen
dc.istar.learningenvironmentFormalen
dc.istar.constructContent Knowledge Affective Belief/Identity Motivation/Attitudeen
dc.istar.contentCelestial Motionen
dc.istar.nationUSAen
dc.istar.empiricalmethodologyQuantitativeen
dc.istar.researchsettingPlanetariumen
dc.istar.subjectElementary Studentsen
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