STUDENT ACHIEVEMENT AND ATTITUDES IN ASTRONOMY: AN EXPERIMENTAL COMPARISON OF TWO PLANETARIUM PROGRAMS

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/11290/608204
Title:
STUDENT ACHIEVEMENT AND ATTITUDES IN ASTRONOMY: AN EXPERIMENTAL COMPARISON OF TWO PLANETARIUM PROGRAMS
Authors:
Mallon, Gerald L.; Bruce, Matthew H.
Abstract:
Of the 1100 planetariums in the U.S., approximately 96% are smaller facilities. The majority of these use a program type called the “Star Show,” whereas some have advocated a different type called the “Participatory Oriented Planetarium.” The purpose of this study was to investigate the following question: “In a smaller educational planetarium, with a capacity of between 15-75 people, is a traditional ‘Star Show’ planetarium program, or a ‘Participatory Oriented Planetarium’ program the most effective method of instruction and attitude change?” A large scale investigation was conducted in Pennsylvania, with four smaller replications in Texas, Minnesota, California, and Nevada. In each planetarium, a group of 8-10 year old students were identified and randomly assigned t o groups. 556 students were tested. The testing instruments included a paper-and-pencil content test and a Likert-style science opinionnaire. The instructional programs were chosen from existing scripts to avoid bias in their construction. Both programs dealt with constellation study. Correlated t tests were used to compare pretest to posttest scores and two-way factorial analyses of variance were used to compare the groups’ posttest scores. It was concluded that, “The Participatory Oriented Planetarium program, utilizing an activity-based format and extensive verbal interaction, is clearly the more effective utilization of a small planetarium facility for teaching constellation study and possibly for im- proving students’ attitudes towards astronomy and the planetarium.”
Affiliation:
Methacton School District; Temple University (PA)
Journal:
Journal of Research in Science Teaching
Issue Date:
1-Jan-1982
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/11290/608204
Submitted date:
2016-03-13
Document Source:
Peer Reviewed
Language:
English Paper
Type Of Resource:
Empirical Research
Empirical Methodology:
Quantitative
Learning Environment:
Formal
Research Setting:
Planetarium
Subjects:
Elementary Students
Construct:
Content Knowledge Affective Belief/Identity Motivation/Attitude General Teaching Strategies
Content:
General/Broad Knowledge of Astronomy Content
Nation:
USA
Appears in Collections:
Astronomy Education Research

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorMallon, Gerald L.en
dc.contributor.authorBruce, Matthew H.en
dc.date.accessioned2016-05-04T09:06:18Zen
dc.date.available2016-05-04T09:06:18Zen
dc.date.issued1982-01-01en
dc.date.submitted2016-03-13en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11290/608204en
dc.description.abstractOf the 1100 planetariums in the U.S., approximately 96% are smaller facilities. The majority of these use a program type called the “Star Show,” whereas some have advocated a different type called the “Participatory Oriented Planetarium.” The purpose of this study was to investigate the following question: “In a smaller educational planetarium, with a capacity of between 15-75 people, is a traditional ‘Star Show’ planetarium program, or a ‘Participatory Oriented Planetarium’ program the most effective method of instruction and attitude change?” A large scale investigation was conducted in Pennsylvania, with four smaller replications in Texas, Minnesota, California, and Nevada. In each planetarium, a group of 8-10 year old students were identified and randomly assigned t o groups. 556 students were tested. The testing instruments included a paper-and-pencil content test and a Likert-style science opinionnaire. The instructional programs were chosen from existing scripts to avoid bias in their construction. Both programs dealt with constellation study. Correlated t tests were used to compare pretest to posttest scores and two-way factorial analyses of variance were used to compare the groups’ posttest scores. It was concluded that, “The Participatory Oriented Planetarium program, utilizing an activity-based format and extensive verbal interaction, is clearly the more effective utilization of a small planetarium facility for teaching constellation study and possibly for im- proving students’ attitudes towards astronomy and the planetarium.”en
dc.description.provenanceMade available in DSpace on 2016-05-04T09:06:18Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 64e59c36-6189-4ae6-93c7-02d3291887c3.pdf: 1173404 bytes, checksum: c174e1f22293af22dfd10de543cb45e9 (MD5) Previous issue date: 1982-01-01en
dc.language.isoEnglish Paperen
dc.titleSTUDENT ACHIEVEMENT AND ATTITUDES IN ASTRONOMY: AN EXPERIMENTAL COMPARISON OF TWO PLANETARIUM PROGRAMSen
dc.typePeer Revieweden
dc.contributor.departmentMethacton School Districten
dc.contributor.departmentTemple University (PA)en
dc.identifier.journalJournal of Research in Science Teachingen
dc.type.resourceEmpirical Researchen
dc.istar.learningenvironmentFormalen
dc.istar.constructContent Knowledge Affective Belief/Identity Motivation/Attitude General Teaching Strategiesen
dc.istar.contentGeneral/Broad Knowledge of Astronomy Contenten
dc.istar.nationUSAen
dc.istar.empiricalmethodologyQuantitativeen
dc.istar.researchsettingPlanetariumen
dc.istar.subjectElementary Studentsen
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