Using a Planetarium Software Program to Promote Conceptual Change with Young Children

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/11290/608219
Title:
Using a Planetarium Software Program to Promote Conceptual Change with Young Children
Authors:
Hobson, Sally M.; Trundle, Kathy Cabe; Sackes, Mesut
Abstract:
This study explored young children’s under- standings of targeted lunar concepts, including when the moon can be observed, observable lunar phase shapes, predictable lunar patterns, and the cause of lunar phases. Twenty-one children (ages 7–9 years) from a multi-aged, self-contained classroom participated in this study. The instructional intervention included lunar data gathering, recording, and sharing, which integrated Starry Night planetarium software and an inquiry-based instruction on moon phases. Data were gathered using semi-structured interviews, student drawings, and a card sorting activity before and after instruction. Students’ lunar calendars and written responses, participant observer field notes, and videotaped class sessions also provided data throughout the study. Data were analyzed using constant comparative analysis. Nonparametric statistical analyses were also performed to support the qualitative findings. Results reflected a positive change in children’s conceptual understanding of all targeted concepts including the cause of moon phases, which is remarkable considering the complexity and abstractness of this spatial task. Results provided evidence that computer simulations may reduce the burden on children’s cognitive capacity and facilitate their learning of complex scientific concepts that would not be possible to learn on their own.
Affiliation:
Hilliard City Schools; Ohio State University (OH)
Journal:
Journal of Science Education and Technology
Issue Date:
23-Sep-2009
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/11290/608219
Submitted date:
2016-03-13
Document Source:
Peer Reviewed
Language:
English Paper
Type Of Resource:
Empirical Research
Empirical Methodology:
Mixed Methods
Learning Environment:
Formal
Research Setting:
Planetarium
Subjects:
Elementary Students
Construct:
Content Knowledge Cognitive Processes
Content:
Sun-Earth-Moon (includes Seasons and Lunar Phases)
Nation:
USA
Appears in Collections:
Astronomy Education Research

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorHobson, Sally M.en
dc.contributor.authorTrundle, Kathy Cabeen
dc.contributor.authorSackes, Mesuten
dc.date.accessioned2016-05-04T09:06:38Zen
dc.date.available2016-05-04T09:06:38Zen
dc.date.issued2009-09-23en
dc.date.submitted2016-03-13en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11290/608219en
dc.description.abstractThis study explored young children’s under- standings of targeted lunar concepts, including when the moon can be observed, observable lunar phase shapes, predictable lunar patterns, and the cause of lunar phases. Twenty-one children (ages 7–9 years) from a multi-aged, self-contained classroom participated in this study. The instructional intervention included lunar data gathering, recording, and sharing, which integrated Starry Night planetarium software and an inquiry-based instruction on moon phases. Data were gathered using semi-structured interviews, student drawings, and a card sorting activity before and after instruction. Students’ lunar calendars and written responses, participant observer field notes, and videotaped class sessions also provided data throughout the study. Data were analyzed using constant comparative analysis. Nonparametric statistical analyses were also performed to support the qualitative findings. Results reflected a positive change in children’s conceptual understanding of all targeted concepts including the cause of moon phases, which is remarkable considering the complexity and abstractness of this spatial task. Results provided evidence that computer simulations may reduce the burden on children’s cognitive capacity and facilitate their learning of complex scientific concepts that would not be possible to learn on their own.en
dc.description.provenanceMade available in DSpace on 2016-05-04T09:06:38Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 35433374-03ea-4607-b8ff-2f1ca48294c2.pdf: 240256 bytes, checksum: 1c1d5f763c601b134d98129536656142 (MD5) Previous issue date: 2009-09-23en
dc.language.isoEnglish Paperen
dc.titleUsing a Planetarium Software Program to Promote Conceptual Change with Young Childrenen
dc.typePeer Revieweden
dc.contributor.departmentHilliard City Schoolsen
dc.contributor.departmentOhio State University (OH)en
dc.identifier.journalJournal of Science Education and Technologyen
dc.type.resourceEmpirical Researchen
dc.istar.learningenvironmentFormalen
dc.istar.constructContent Knowledge Cognitive Processesen
dc.istar.contentSun-Earth-Moon (includes Seasons and Lunar Phases)en
dc.istar.nationUSAen
dc.istar.empiricalmethodologyMixed Methodsen
dc.istar.researchsettingPlanetariumen
dc.istar.subjectElementary Studentsen
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